Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heating unit for your home? A high-efficiency heat pump could be exactly what you need. Many people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but new, energy-efficient models can split your heating costs in half. They also supply cooling in the warm months for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve got your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about available types of heat pumps before you decide what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a distinctive type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the hot months, they work much like an air conditioning unit, using electricity to pull heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve allows the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to heat your home.

Apart from this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their amazing efficiency. Because they move heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a max of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just choosing comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have several subcategories, each one can be categorized into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most popular type of heat pump. Installing them is usually straightforward, and these systems perform very well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a medium for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the wintertime and draw heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located near a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an option. These systems leverage water as the means for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less popular than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water nearby, these are a worthwhile option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These units tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to supply consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and expense of installation, which often calls for excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you identify what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the right subtype. Your choices include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you live in a community with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These heat pumps are available in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these sources, adapting to current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures plummet, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, conserving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging green energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to reduce your energy bills and improve the environment. Solar heat pumps run using power made by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a couple of choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the customary setup for the majority of homes already outfitted with ductwork. The inside unit is often installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this design, all mechanical pieces are housed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is appropriate for homes or commercial buildings that don’t have much indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also referred to as mini-split systems, are created for homes and additions that are not outfitted with ductwork. Each room can have a dedicated indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, offering targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These streamlined models are recommended for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other options, they have the benefit of quick and simple installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, choose the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our skilled specialists will ensure your heat pump system is customized to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to experience home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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